What Is Adenomyosis
Female reproductive system of a woman consists of a muscular organ known as uterus (commonly referred as womb). Uterus bears the responsibility of development of embryo and fetus. It is incredibly strong because of the distinctive tissue layers which make up its wall.
Uterus has 3 layers known as Endometrium (innermost layer, has highly vascular connective tissue, it supports embryo and fetus during pregnancy), myometrium (contains layers of visceral muscle tissue, it allows expansion and contraction of uterus during pregnancy and childbirth respectively), Perimetrium (covers the outer surface of uterus). The barrier between Endometrium and myometrium is known as junctional zone.
When this barrier is broken because of certain trauma or stress, tissues of Endometrium grow outwards through the incision. Adenomyosis is a medical condition which is characterized by presence of endometrial tissue in myometrium. Subsequently the thickness of the myometrium increases forming a mass.
It can affect any age group but is more prevalent in women between the ages 35 years to 50 years. Patient with Adenomyosis presents various symptoms like – painful and profuse menstrual bleeding, which results in anemia, fatigue and dizziness due to blood loss during menstrual cycle, painful cramps during menstrual cycle, pressure on bladder, chronic pain in pelvic region, pain during sexual intercourse. About 30% -33% may be asymptomatic and others may experience severe symptoms. Clinical signs may include, uterine enlargement causing pelvic fullness, tender uterus, infertility.
The precise cause of Adenomyosis is unknown; few associate it with certain trauma to uterus such as caesarean section, pregnancy, surgical termination of pregnancy. Hormonal factors such as elevated levels of prolactin and estrogen may increase the risk of Adenomyosis.
Home Remedies for Adenomyosis
It is essential to treat Adenomyosis because it not only affects the daily routine activity of patient but heavy bleeding may also lead to weakness and anaemia. Home remedies cannot replace the medical management; they should be used along with the prescribed treatment plan.
Hot water packs for adenomyosis
Warm water packs can be applied to the affected area to ease the symptoms of adenomyosis. Take a towel and soak it in hot water. Squeeze to remove excess of water and apply the hot towel to the abdomen.
Castor oil for adenomyosis
Castor oil is recognized as safe and effective; it is used to reduce inflammation. It can be directly applied on the affected skin area with the help of cotton ball, leave it for an hour and then wash it off.
Ginger for adenomyosis
Ginger is an ancient species used worldwide because of its numerous health benefits; it strengthens the immune system, eliminates inflammation, relieves pain during menstrual periods, it also facilitates digestion. It can be consumed in the form of ginger tea. Steep a few pieces of ginger in a cup of steaming water. Strain it and drink the concoction 2-3 times in a day.
Turmeric for adenomyosis
Turmeric is loaded with antiseptic and antioxidant agents. Curcumin present in turmeric acts as an excellent anti-inflammatory agent. It helps in decreasing swelling of the uterus. Add a half teaspoon of turmeric to a cup of milk and consume two times in a day.
Hope the above home remedies help you ease the symptoms of adenomyosis. For proper diagnosis, a treatment consults your gynaecologist.